From the earliest days of christianity, the whole church regarded the bible as a web of. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate and summarize three of the four views based on the book, four views on the book of revelation, edited by c. The historical context of the book of revelation put forward in this minority view is the persecution of christians by unbelieving jews in partnership with roman officials and the subsequent destruction of the city of jerusalem by the lord in judgment of this unbelief and the persecution of those who did believe. Some people see it primarily as a political statement. Preterist, which means gone by, is derived from the latin word praeteritus. This name indicates the meaning of revelation it uncovers matters that had been hidden and discloses events that would happen long after it was written. The book of revelation was written sometime around 96 ce in asia minor. When confronted with the preterist view of eschatology people often say, wasnt the book of revelation written after 70 a. I give an excerpt from invitation to biblical interpretation by andreas j. Four views on the book of revelation zondervan academic. It is a revelation that was received by the apostle john while he was in romanimposed exile on the island of patmos in the eastern mediterranean around 90 a. In the face of apparently insuperable evil, either from within or from without, all christians are called to trust in jesus promise, behold, i am with you always, until the end of the age mt 28. Christ tells john to write, therefore, what you have seen, what is now and what will take place later.
Four views on the book of revelation counterpoints. While revelation offers many details on the tribulationeven if they are often couched in the mystery of symbolic languageit is the final four chapters that dictate the overall message of the book. The idealist view teaches that revelation describes in symbolic language the battle throughout the ages between god and satan and good against evil. Many have wondered if the third temple will ever be built. For most the only question about eschatology that exists is whether you think the rapture is pre, mid, or posttribulation. But the futurist view that revelation is predicting events yet to be fulfilled is only one of four traditional christian ways of looking at the bibles most enigmatic book. The interpretation of the book of revelation has often proven difficult throughout the history of the christian church. However, commentators who take this approach often deny that the book has any specific historical meaning. The book of revelation means different things to different people. Read revelation 7 commentary using a testimony of jesus christ. Most prophecies in the book of revelation were fulfilled during the time. Apr 28, 2015 the book of revelation is similar to other literature of the time thats called apocalyptic, which typically includes visions, global clashes, endoftheworld warnings, and many, many symbols.
The apocalypse, or revelation to john, the last book of the bible, is one of the most difficult to understand because it abounds in unfamiliar and extravagant symbolism, which at best appears unusual to the modern reader. The reception of the book of revelation in the early church. A preterist view of revelation, kenneth l gentry, jr. The book of revelation, the last book of the bible, has fascinated and puzzled christians for centuries. Jan 02, 2020 a simple outline for the book of revelation is found in revelation 1. Revelation has a wide variety of interpretations, ranging from the simple historical interpretation, to a prophetic view on what will happen in the future by way of the will of god and the woman s victory on satan symbolic interpretation, to different end time scenarios futurist interpretation. The book of revelation, a prophecy of warning and hope. In this lecture, bibleteacher steve gregg concludes his discussion of the four views of revelation. John the divine is an example of apocalyptic writing a form that delivers a message using symbols, images and numbers. God hits him with a doozy of a revelation hey, thats not a bad idea for a title. So right from the start, revelation indicates that symbolic language and symbolism is going to be the means by which the books revelation is transmitted.
This commentary has been through advanced checking. Key to understanding commentaries on revelations is knowing the position of the commentator. The book of revelation had its origin in a time of crisis, but it remains valid and meaningful for christians of all time. Revelation is viewed as symbolically expressing the cosmic conflict between the kingdom of god and satanic powers. This position has had adherents throughout church history but was quite popular during the 17th and 18 century. The book of revelation is not apocalyptic literature.
Nov 01, 2016 if you are looking for more on the canonical history of revelation, i point you to my recent article entitled, the reception of the book of revelation in the early church which has just come out in the new volume book of seven seals. The plethora of views, however, can be distilled into essentially four main categories. A word list at the end explains words with a star by them. These indepth versebyverse studies harmonize the holy bible from genesis to revelation.
This book by gregg, on the other hand, is a detailed, versebyverse commentary, with the text divided into paragraphs, and each paragraph followed by four parallel columns. Youll find four major interpretive approaches to the book of revelation that can help you read, understand, and figure out the apocalyptic letter of john. Barrick, the testimony of jesus in the book of revelation 10. Revelation has a wide variety of interpretations, ranging from the simple historical interpretation, to a prophetic view on what will happen in the future by way of the will of god and the womans victory on satan symbolic interpretation, to different end time scenarios futurist interpretation, to the views of critics who deny any spiritual value to revelation at all, ascribing it to a humaninherited archetype. Is the modern interpretation of the book of revelation. Overview of the book of revelation reformed answers to. The versebyverse commentary on revelation introduction this commentary on revelation will prove, contrary to what most people think, that the revelation, the last book of the bible, is not difficult to understand if we will take a simple, facevalue, commonsense approach to interpreting it. Revelations symbolic visions are similar to what youd see in the old testament prophecies of ezekiel, daniel, and zechariah. Usually, these interpreters have focused exclusively on western european history. Preterist idealist classical dispensationalist futurist progressive dispensationalist the interactive counterpoints forum allows each author not only to present his view, but also to offer brief commentary on other views presented.
Four views on the book of revelation explores the four main views in which revelation is understood. Buy a cheap copy of four views on the book of revelation by anonymous. Revelation speaks of things that are already history. This is known as the quick fix of 96 for if revelation was written under domitians reign then the preterist view has a problem. Of course, even after going over the books content, it can still be difficult to know what revelation is all about. John is told to write down everything god shows him, and boy is god going to show him some strange things.
John wrote revelation while a prisoner on the island of patmos, approximately 8595 a. The classical historicist view takes a number of different perspectives. The book of revelation starts with this is a revelation from jesus christ, which god gave him to show his servants the events that must soon take place. According to new world encyclopedia, the four horsemen in revelation stand for war, famine, death, and.
The revelation of jesus christ is a book of prophecy on the end times and comprises the final book of the new testament and of the bible. White is professor of classics and christian origins at the university of texas at austin, and acted as historical consultant for apocalypse. Like the other counterpoints books, each of these volumes allows the reader to set the different views side by side to compare their strengths and weaknesses. Marvin pate, and 4 the classical dispensationalist view, by robert l. Why is the book of revelation so different from the rest of the new. The three prevailing millennium views in revelation. Book of revelation overview insight for living ministries. The book of revelation is the final book of the new testament, and consequently is also the. These four views are carefully and evenhandedly analyzed and then applied to each verse and passage in revelation. It was refreshing to read a book about how to approach revelation in its entirety. Many major entities and symbols in the book of revelation are introduced earlier in the bible. The revelation research foundation has completed work on a 3d version of ezekiels temple, utilizing the drawings of mr.
What is the preterist interpretation of revelation. Jan 24, 2011 elements of the differing views can be incorporated beneficially into our understanding of the book. The book of revelation page 1 of 4 preterist idealist classical dispensationalist progressive dispensationalist ideology historic. Tragically, when christians trumpet a view of the bible, and the book of revelation in particular, that suggests that it is about gods wrath. Revelation always implies the unveiling of something previously hidden, in. Of all the books of the bible, few are as fascinating or as bewildering as revelation. The book of revelation often called the revelation to john, apocalypse of john, the revelation from jesus christ from its opening words, the apocalypse, the revelation, or simply revelation is the final book of the new testament, and consequently is also the final book of the christian bible. Four views on the book of revelation are presented, critiqued, and defended. The most radical form of this view holds that the book is a timeless depiction of this struggle. Aug 04, 2009 revelation the dragon pursuing a woman, from the bamberg apocalypse. There is a minority view, however, that the book of revelation was composed prior to 70 a.
The peculiarity of revelation, its manuscripts, attestation and transmission, eds. John s authorship is affirmed by justin, irenaeus, clement of alexandria, tertullian and the muratori fragment really by. In this view, the events of revelation refer to events in the first century. The book of revelation also called the revelation of john or the revelation of st. Most christians dont even realize other interpretations exist, but there are actually 5 different approaches to interpreting the book of revelation, maybe you knew. Revelation 1922 portrays christs future triumph over the forces of evil and his recreation of the world for the redeemed. This book presents the book of revelation from four different perspectives. Though it is little more than a piece of scholarly gossip, some have even suggested that the reformer john calvin, one of the best interpreters of the scriptures the church has known, shied away from writing a commentary on the book of revelation for this very reason. A redemptivehistorical, modified idealist approach to the. Revelation 7 commentary a testimony of jesus christ. The preterist view can be the most complex and according to grant osborne is represented by three different views.
Even though john condemns local synagogues who dont share his revolutionary views those who say they are jews but are not. Perhaps no book of the bible has generated more controversy than revelation. The rise and fall of the antichrist appendix four a brief overview of the book of revelation. The discipleapostle john, who followed jesus christ and witnessed his crucifixion, authored it. The term preterism can describe two very different approaches. Four views on the book of revelation on apple books. Four parallel columns present the information you need on these key views, and inform you about outstanding commentators on the book of revelation. No other book gives such extensive coverage of how the church has understood revelation over the centuries. Historicism, a method of interpretation in christian eschatology which associates biblical. That book allowed the proponents of each of four different views to present an overall summary of their approach to the book of revelation. Beale this is likely the single most exhaustive commentary on the revelation available today, an amillennial treasure just waiting to be explored.
Book of revelation explained scripture by scripture. In this view the seven churches in revelation 2 and 3 are seen to represent 7 stages of church history. Apr 01, 1998 of all the books of the bible, few are as fascinating or as bewildering as revelation. The greek name of the bible book of revelation, apoka. The book of revelation is notoriously difficult to understand. Hes just a mildmannered christian guy living in exile whenpow. Most churches today teach the futurist interpretation of the book of revelation. Nov, 2016 bishop myers discusses the truth about the book of revelation and also teaches us how to remember the 10 commandments using a pictorial mnemonic device. Book of revelation for dummies cheat sheet dummies. The new view, therefore, began to argue that none of the events described in the book of revelation after chapters i. Beales familiarity with the original language, his grasp of the culture of the day, his command of the ot references and allusions, and his deft handling of the. Are the seven seals of the book of revelation unfolding. It all comes down to which of four main ways they interpret it. Heretofore, my discussions on the book of revelation have centered around the rapture if and when it will happen, the millennium, and who the antichrist is.
It is, of course, the cryptic symbolism of revelation that makes it challenging to understand. For example, the futurists are correct in pointing out that some events described in revelation have yet to be fulfilled 2nd coming of christ, final judgement in chapter 20, renewal of all things in chapter 21,22. The real meaning of the bibles book of revelation is a popular, ongoing debate. The idealist approach mines the book of revelation for timeless theological truths that apply to all generations. That there are differing views on the interpretation of the apocalyptic writings in the book of revelation is no secret. Most theologians in church history from the early church fathers such as augustine, and including the reformers calvin and luther, saw this passage as metaphoric. Marvin pate, and 4 the classical dispensationalist view, by robert.
Preterist view the book of revelation relates only to the events of the day in which it was written. Historicist interpretations of the book of revelation wikipedia. Revelation the dragon pursuing a woman, from the bamberg apocalypse. The format for the main body of revelation, chapters 4 through 19, consists of four columns for the four major views. On the book of revelation and the ten commandments youtube. D they point out incorrectly that revelation was written in 95 or 96 a.
Is the modern interpretation of the book of revelation flawed. Preterist views revelation s prophecies as reflecting actual historical events in apostle johns near future, which have been. With a book like the book of revelation, you will inevitably have several central messages depending on the angle from which you look at them. In the first chapter, the risen and exalted christ is speaking to john. The idealist approach affirms that revelation is a symbolic portrayal of the conflict between good and evil, between the forces of god and of satan. The interactive counterpoints forum allows each author not only to present his view, but also to offer brief commentary on other views presented. The four views and their proponents are 1 the preterist view, by kenneth l. So, the divine author of revelation is jesus christ and the human author is the apostle john.
Martin luther wrote this view, which was not novel, into the smalcald articles of. Parts of the old testament, particularly in the book of daniel, are also written in the apocalyptic genre. Bible and theology kindle edition by zondervan, pate, c. The fourcolumn format makes this an easy read for lay people, pastors, and scholars alike.
An easyenglish bible version and commentary 2800 word vocabulary on the book of revelation. Preterism denies the future, literal fulfillment of most of its predictions, focusing instead on allegory and symbolism. The last book in the biblical canon of the new testament is the book of the apocalypse revelation, written by john toward the end of the reign of emperor domitian a. The book of revelation was written sometime around. To encourage fidelity to christ in the midst of suffering by affirming that god rules history and will surely bring it to a glorious consummation of judgment and blessing in christ. This is the prevailing view among modern scholars who arent aligned with orthodox christianity. He sent an angel to present this revelation to his servant john. Historicist interpretations see revelation as containing a broad view of history. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. After them is to be placed, if it really seem proper, the apocalypse of john, concerning which we shall give the different opinions at the proper time. The book of revelation, or the apocalypse as it is also called, is the last book of the bible.
Each of the four views takes various positions within each of these millennia views. After about a 30page overview, four different authors present their insights. Come explore the works of temple scholar frank shallieu. The idealist view teaches that revelation describes in symbolic language the battle throughout. Study the bible online using commentary on revelation 7 and more. The literary genres of the book of revelation are an apocalypse, a prophecy, and an epistle or letter. Views revelation as a panoramic view of church history from apostolic times to the present, seeing in the symbolism such events as the barbarian invasions of rome, the rise of the roman catholic church as well as various individual popes, the emergence of islam, and the french revolution. The things john had already seen are recorded in chapter 1. The preterist view of the end times is based on a symbolic view of the book of revelation that holds most of its prophecies have already been fulfilled. The word apocalypse means unveiling and thats exactly what the book of revelation isit is a prophetic book that discusses the unveiling of what is going to happen in the nearing end times and what will come with the final revelation of jesus christ. First, some preterists view the book as written about roman oppression and the fall of the roman empire. Most people are unaware that there is any other way to understand this mysterious last book of the bible.423 902 367 985 820 489 11 1462 1072 141 1522 1232 1342 1057 723 1005 587 1190 825 138 930 151 1221 137 1037 1326 352 669 1580 1556 180 1167 425 410 303 871 302 636 69 1286